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Pain

  • Hyun-Yoon Ko
Chapter

Abstract

Pain is a common complication of patients with spinal cord injuries. Pain is one of the most difficult complications of spinal cord injury and has serious consequences for patients. Pain has long-term negative effects on the quality of life of patients. The onset of pain usually occurs less than 1 year after spinal cord injury. Pain often increases over time, and more than 50% of patients with spinal cord injuries develop chronic pain as the disease progresses. Musculoskeletal pain is common in the acute phase of spinal cord injuries, and musculoskeletal, neuropathic, and visceral pains are the most common types of pain in the chronic phase. Musculoskeletal pain in patients with spinal cord injury is observed in approximately 60% and neuropathic pain in 50–60% after 3–5 years of spinal cord injury.

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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun-Yoon Ko
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineRehabilitation Hospital, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of MedicineYangsanSouth Korea

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