Venous Thromboembolism

  • Hyun-Yoon Ko


Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are serious health problems and cause serious mortality and morbidity. Patients with spinal cord injuries have a particularly high risk of developing deep vein thrombosis. In patients with spinal cord injuries, the loss of active calf muscle pump in the paralyzed limbs significantly reduces blood flow. As a result, sluggishness of venous return is further exacerbated by the hypercoagulability associated with spinal cord injury. In combination with the pressure that the bed exerts on the calf muscles, this sluggishness causes the bedridden spinal cord injured patient to be at high risk of developing deep vein thrombosis.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun-Yoon Ko
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineRehabilitation Hospital, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of MedicineYangsanSouth Korea

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