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Recent Biotechnological Approaches to Produce Climate-Ready Crops and Enhancing Crop Productivity

  • Gourav Kumar
  • Gopal Kumar Prajapati
  • Amar Nath Mishra
  • Dev Mani PandeyEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Living beings are dependent on green energy for their survival and crops are playing most potential role in it. Sudden changes, i.e., biotic and abiotic stresses, are always a big factor affecting the productivity of crops, and in this adverse environmental conditions, it is very much imperative to find the alternate strategies for increasing crop productivity and to feed the increasing worldwide populations. We have always the knowledge of obtaining the best cultivar as earlier the farmers used to select the healthy seedlings for agriculture. Gregor Johann Mendel’s work Mendelian inheritance gives us a platform to use the conventional methods with scientific and validated models for better yields of crops. Therefore, initiatives need to be taken to tackle this problem. In recent years advanced biotechnological approaches, tools, and techniques have played important role. With the use of these advanced technologies researchers are able to do whole genome sequencing, annotation, prediction, and validation of gene expression, prediction of possible function as well as their involvement in various metabolic pathways, and identification of the presence of set of nucleic acid sequences (motif) in the promoter region as well as their protein-DNA interaction. Efforts has also been done to develop the genetically modified crop having important characters and to give good yield under adverse conditions.

Keywords

Bioinformatics Molecular beacon Molecular markers Next-Generation sequencing Plant breeding Polymerase chain reaction Plant tissue culture Restriction enzymes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gourav Kumar
    • 1
  • Gopal Kumar Prajapati
    • 1
  • Amar Nath Mishra
    • 2
  • Dev Mani Pandey
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Bio-EngineeringBirla Institute of TechnologyMesra, RanchiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringBirla Institute of TechnologyMesra, RanchiIndia

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