State Variables—Part II

  • Suhash Chandra Dutta Roy

In the first part of this discussion on state variables, which hopefully you have grasped, we presented the basic concepts of state variables and state equations, and some methods for solution of the latter. In this second and concluding part, we dwell upon the properties and evaluation of the fundamental matrix. An appendix on matrix algebra is also included. Several examples have been given to illustrate the techniques. This is the last part, be assured!


Fundamental matrix Fundamental state equation Evaluating fundamental state matrix State transition flow graphs Review of matrix algebra 


  1. 1.
    L.A. Zadeh, C.A. Desoer, Linear System Theory: A State Space Approach (McGraw-Hill, 1963)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. Seeley, Dynamic System Analysis (Reinhold Publishing Co, 1964)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations