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Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons/Nitro-polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Combustion Sources

  • Xiaoyang YangEmail author
  • Kazuichi Hayakawa
Chapter

Abstract

PAHs/NPAHs are usually generated from diesel exhaust particulates (DEPs), coal burning-derived particulates (CBPs), and biomass burning exhaust particulates (BBPs). In order to describe the relative contributions of various sources and to make effective control strategies, accurate inventories are often conducted based on the strengths of emission activities and emission factors (EFs). Some reported EFs of PAHs and NPAHs from DEPs, CBPs, and BBPs are compared. The amount of PAHs generated is much smaller in DEPs than in CBPs or BBPs. In contrast, the EFs of NPAHs are higher in DEPs than those in CBPs and BBPs, respectively. This phenomenon is due to the much higher burning temperatures in diesel engine than those of coal or biomass burning. Therefore, the [1-NP]/[Pyr] ratio is selected as an indicator of the contribution of diesel-engine vehicles and coal combustion. Additionally, some isomer ratios of PAH and NPAH species are also shown.

Keywords

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Nitro-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Diesel exhaust particulates Coal burning-derived particulates Biomass burning Exhaust particulates 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk AssessmentChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Nature and Environmental TechnologyKanazawa UniversityKanazawaJapan

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