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Calisthenics and Passive Stretching Exercises for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Study Protocol

  • Norazila Nordin
  • Zainal Abidin Zainuddin
Conference paper

Abstract

Resistance training using one’s own body weight has a pivotal role in lessen the risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). One of the typical resistance training exercises is traditional calisthenics, frequently included in rehabilitation or physical therapy program. Likewise, passive stretching is beneficial in improving glycemic control and physical fitness. To date, however, the effect of calisthenics exercises and passive stretching that could improve the risk factors in the population are not well understood. The propose study therefore, sets out to assess the effectiveness of the supervised calisthenics exercise and passive stretching on glycemic controls, body composition, risk factors that associate with cardiovascular disease, and some fitness parameters. Adult patients who are registered in the Health Centre, UTM, Skudai and meet some inclusion criterion will be randomly chosen for this study. A total of 66 type 2 diabetics will be randomised into three experimental groups (i.e. calisthenics (CS) and passive stretching (PS) and also combined exercise (CP) and will receive treatment for 12 weeks of study duration. All parameters will be measured at baseline and post measurement. We are aiming for an improvement in physical measurement and blood biomarkers in subjects, besides investigating the effectiveness of intervention exercises on fitness parameters thereby improving their quality of life.

Keywords

Calisthenics exercises Passive stretching Type 2 diabetes mellitus 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the health practitioners of the UTM Health Clinic, with the cooperation of the Rehabilitation Centre, Sultan Ismail Hospital Johore Bahru, Malaysia.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and HumanitiesUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaSkudaiMalaysia

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