Advertisement

A Study of New Regime Interval Training Exercise on Obesity Management Among Sedentary Overweight Working Women

  • Mastura Johar
  • Rogemah Ramli
  • Rozita Abd Latif
  • Ahmad Termizi
Conference paper

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effect of 12 weeks of a new regime interval training exercise, an intervention in the treatment of obesity diagnosis among overweight sedentary working women in Universiti Tenaga Nasional. The new regime interval training exercise program is a combination of aerobic dance activity, circuit training, and interval training which improvise own body weight. It combines physical training that includes alternating of low and medium intensity of exercise workout which involves a physical conditioning training with medium volume and low resistant of training with a short rest time suitable for sedentary and overweight individuals. Forty subjects between the ages of 25–55 years old have had a diagnosis as sedentary, overweighted, and had a fitness score below the mean value. Subjects were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of either new regime interval training exercise program as a treatment group or an aerobics dance exercise as the control group. A pretest–posttest control research design was utilized. Both groups met for 50 min, three times per week for a total of 36 sessions. Statistical analysis includes (group x time) paired t-test and independent sample t-test was used to determine between and within group mean differences. Results suggested that subjects in the treatment of new regime interval training experienced positive improvement in obesity diagnosis after 12 weeks of treatment within the group effect p < .05. Results for obesity diagnosis were, BMI (mean pre: 30.57, mean post: 29.24), PBF from (mean pre: 43.52, mean post: 43.00), WHR (mean pre: .928, mean post: .924), and SMM (mean pre: 23.23, mean post: 23.32). Therefore, it was concluded that the intervention of a new regime interval training exercise exercise program had improved obesity diagnosis, after 12 weeks of treatment and contributed to positive findings among overweight sedentary women in higher education organization in Malaysia.

Keywords

New regime interval training Obesity Circuit training Aerobics dance 

References

  1. 1.
    American College of Sports Medicine. (2001). ACSM’S resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (6th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kinge, J. M., & Morris, S. (2013). Variation in the relationship between BMI and survival by socioeconomic status in Great Britain. Economics and Human Biology, 12, 67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Case, A., & Menendez, A. (2009). Sex differences in obesity rates in poor countries: Evidence from South Africa. Economics and Human Biology, 7, 271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang, S. L. A. N. S. Y. (2014). Decomposing race and gender differences in underweight and obesity in South Africa. Economics and Human Biology, 15, 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ministry of Health. (2003). Seminar on findings of The Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey (MANS) 2003. Putrajaya: Family Health Development Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fletcher, J. M. (2014). The interplay between gender, race and weight status: Self perceptions and social consequences. Economics and Human Biology, 14, 79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    MOH. (2011). Annual report ministry of health 2011 (pp. 1–351).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mansor, M., & Harun, N. Z. (2014). Health issues and awareness, and the significant of green space for health promotion in Malaysia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 153, 209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
    Saelens, B. E., Sailis, J. F., Nader, P. R., Broyles, S. L., Berry, C. C., & Taras, H. L. (2002). Home environmental influences on children’s television watching from early to middle childhood. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 23, 127–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shaw, K., Gennet, H., O’Rourke, P., Del Mar, C. 2006. Exercise for overweight or obesity. Wiley, The Cochrane Collaboration.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu, T., Gao, X., Chen, M., & Van, Dam R. M. (2009). Long-term effectiveness of diet-plus-exercise interventions vs diet-only interventions for weight loss: A meta-analysis: Obesity management. Obesity Reviews, 10(3), 313–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Human Kinetics by making exercise your medicine. IL, U.S.A.: Human Kinetics.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Guelfi, K. J., Donges, C. E., & Duffield, R. (2012). Beneficial effects of 12 weeks of aerobic compared with resistance exercise training perceived appetite in previously sedentary overweight and obese men. Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental, 62, 235–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Petruzzello, S. J. (1995). Anxiety reduction following exercise: Methodological artifact or “real” phenomenon? Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17, 105–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kimura, K., & Hozumi, N. (2012). Investigating the acute effect of an aerobic dance exercise program on neuro-cognitive function in the ederly. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 623–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Creswell, John W. (2002). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shadish, W. R., Cook, Thomas D., & Campbell, Donald T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin. An update of a classic by a third author.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bahaman, A. S. & Turiman, S. (1999). Statistic for social research with computer application (is’ed). University Putra Malaysia.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fraenkel, J. K., & Wallen, N. E. (1993). How to design and evaluate research in education (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bordens, K. S., & Abbott, B. B. (1996). Research design and methods: A process approach (3rd ed.). MV, California: Mayfield Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wen, Z. P., Zhou, X. Q., Feng, L., Jiang, J., & Liu, Y. (2009). Effect of dietary pantothenic acid supplement on growth, body composition and intestinal enzyme activities of juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian). Aquaculture Nutrition, 15, 470–476.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2008.00612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Weinstein, A. R., Sesso, H. D., Lee, I. M., et al. (2004). The relationship of physical activity vs body mass index with type 2 diabetes in women. JAMA, 292(10), 1188–1194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Flores, J. (1994). Puerto Rican and proud boyee!: Rap roots and amnesia.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mastura, Rozita, & Sofian, Mohd. (2008). Qualitative study: Influence of aerobic exercise on state and trait anxiety among working women. International Journal for Education Studies, 1, 67–76.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Inelmen, E. M., Toffanello, E. D., Enzi, G., et al. (2005). Predictors of drop-out in overweight and obese outpatients. International Journal of Obesity, 29(1), 122–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mastura Johar
    • 1
  • Rogemah Ramli
    • 1
  • Rozita Abd Latif
    • 2
  • Ahmad Termizi
    • 3
  1. 1.College of EngineeringUniversiti Tenaga NasionalKajangMalaysia
  2. 2.Sport Science and Recreation DepartmentUniversiti Teknologi MaraShah AlamMalaysia
  3. 3.College of Graduate StudiesUniversiti Tenaga NasionalKajangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations