Rules of Origin in the Trans-Pacific Partnership

  • Margaret LiangEmail author
Part of the Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific book series (ELIAP)


Rules of Origin (ROOs), are an essential component in the negotiations on trade in goods. Rules of Origin in Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) determine products that are eligible for preferential tariff treatment. This paper examines the key elements of ROOs in the TPP and evaluates whether these rules will facilitate trade among the partners linking both sides of the Pacific. It explores the key concepts and criteria required in conferring origins to goods that will make a difference to whether these rules will contribute to making the TPP a 21st Century high-quality Agreement. The outcome of the negotiations on ROOs in the TPP is positive. The ROOs in the TPP are generally quite liberal. TPP members have agreed on a common set of rules of origin to determine whether a product originates in the TPP region. They have also agreed that TPP rules are to be objective, transparent and predictable.


Rules of origin criteria Cumulation Trade impact Business opportunities 


  1. Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade: Available at
  2. Liang, M. (2012). ‘TPP negotiations: Rules of origin’. In C. L. Lim & others (Eds.), The Trans-Pacific partnership—A quest for a Twenty-first Century Trade Agreement. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Ministry of Trade and Industry, Singapore: Available at and
  4. New Zealand Foreign Affairs and Trade: available at
  5. USTR: available at

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.S Rajaratnam School of International StudiesNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations