With rising affluence and rapid urbanisation, the energy and climatic, as well as, health impacts of cities are of increasing importance. Much of this intensive urban growth is in the hot climate developing countries, not least in Asia. The quest for ‘sustainable’ cities has led to innovative and successful solutions that offer better living quality along with greatly reduced environmental impacts. Due partly to a lack of resources, less has to date been done in developing countries and hot climates. The largest energy and climatic challenge in these cities is that of cooling.
- Anthoff, D., Nicholls, R. J., Tol, R. S. J., & Vafeidis, A. T. (2006). Global and regional exposure to large rises in sea-level: A sensitivity analysis. Working paper 96. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Norwich.Google Scholar
- Barron, W., & Steinbrecher, N. (1999). Heading towards sustainability? Hong Kong: Centre of Urban Planning and Environmental Management, University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
- US Energy Information Administration. (2016, May). World energy outlook 2016. USDOE, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- USAID. (2010). Asia Pacific regional climate change adaptation assessment: Final report findings and recommendations. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
- Zhang, X. Q. (2000). High-rise and high-density compact urban form: The development of Hong Kong. In J. Jenks & R. Burgess (Eds.), Compact cities, sustainable urban form for developing countries (pp. 244–254). London/New York: Spon Press.Google Scholar