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Microbial Interactions and Perspectives for Bioremediation of Pesticides in the Soils

  • Ratna Prabha
  • D. P. Singh
  • M. K. Verma
Chapter

Abstract

Microbes with uncountable number of species represent the most abundant organisms on earth. Microorganism plays vital role in the pesticide bioremediation. Pesticide biodegradation capacity exhibited by soil microbes is among the major factor limiting contamination and preserving the resilience of soil. Numerous studies are dedicated over bioremediation of pesticides through different microbial species. The biotransformations in natural system is a common process and many times necessary for the survival of microorganisms, leading to biological degradation of applied pesticides. Microbial evolution and bioremediation exhibits a natural balance between them. Bioremediation through microbes reflects numerous benefits, for instance, there is least possibility of environmental disturbance, economical, and lesser likelihood of secondary exposure along with no disturbance to the ecosystem. Owing to these reasons, the isolation and characterization of microbial species with the capability of pesticide bioremediation are gaining attention of scientists from last many years.

The present chapter includes information about different microbial species, including bacteria, cyanobacteria, and fungi employed in the bioremediation of pesticides. Furthermore, an attempt is taken to cover different metagenomics studies where researchers aimed to uncover the bioremediation potential linked with unculturable microbial communities.

Keywords

Bioremediation Bacteria Cyanobacteria Fungi Metagenomics Pesticides Biodegradation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Ratna Prabha is thankful to the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) for financial support in terms of the SERB National Post Doctoral Fellowship (Grant No.: PDF/2016/000714).

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chhattisgarh Swami Vivekananda Technical UniversityBhilaiIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-National Bureau of Agriculturally Important MicroorganismsIndian Council of Agricultural ResearchMaunath BhanjanIndia

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