Multipath-Aided Probabilistic Multi-Hypothesis Tracker for the SFN-Based Passive Radar

  • Xu TangEmail author
  • Mingyan Li
  • Qi Wu
  • Dayu Huang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 463)


Passive radar (PR) system can provide many benefits and advantages in urban area surveillance. Many PRs have been deployed in the single frequency network (SFN). For multitarget tracking in these scenarios, one of the key issue is the measurement-to-target-and-illuminator association. Moreover, since in the urban scenario, the multipath effect is another difficulty should be handled. An new algorithm is proposed by extending the Probabilistic Multi-Hypothesis Tracker (PMHT) to handle the triple uncertainties of association among measurements, illuminators, propagation paths and target states efficiently. The numerical simulation in an urban Long-Term Evolution (LTE)-based PR scenario to track two small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) illustrates the improved performance of the proposed algorithm over the existed algorithms.


  1. 1.
    Abdullah, R.S.A.R., Salah, A.A., Ismail, A., Hashim, F.H.: Experimental investigation on target detection and tracking in passive radar using long-term evolution signal. IET Radar Sonar Navig. 10, 577–585 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Choi, S., Willett, P., Zhou, S.: The PMHT for passive radar in a DAB/DVB network. J. Adv. Inf. Fusion 9, 27–37 (2014)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Crouse, D., Guerriero, M., Willett, P.: A critical look at the PMHT. J. Adv. Inf. Fusion 4, 93–115 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Malanowski, M., Kulpa, K., Suchozebrski, R.: Two-stage tracking algorithm for passive radar. In: International Conference on Information Fusion, pp. 1800–1806 (2009)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Palmer, J.E., Harms, H.A., Searle, S.J., Davis, L.: DVB-T passive radar signal processing. IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 61, 2116–2126 (2013)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Poullin, D., Flecheux, M., Klein, M.: Elevation angle estimation for low-altitude targets using DVB (SFN broadcasters). IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 27, 27–35 (2012)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Subramaniam, M., Tharmarasa, R., Kirubarajan, T.: Multipath-assisted multitarget tracking using multiframe assignment. In: Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 7445, pp. 74450Z-1–74450Z-11 (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tang, X., Chen, X., McDonald, M., Mahler, R., Tharmarasa, R., Kirubarajan, T.: A multiple-detection probability hypothesis density filter. IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 63, 2007–2019 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science and Technology on Avionics Integration LaboratoryShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Electronic EngineeringUniversity of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaChengduChina

Personalised recommendations