Performance Analysis of MIMO-HARQ Schemes in LTP for Space Information Networks

  • Youjun Hu
  • Jian JiaoEmail author
  • Rui Zhang
  • Shaohua Wu
  • Shushi Gu
  • Qinyu Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 463)


Recently, with the development of Ka/Q/V mmWave band high throughput satellites (HTS) and space information networks (SIN), distributed/virtual multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) over satellite have attracted considerable research interest. In this paper, we propose a novel performance analysis framework for MIMO with orthogonal space-time block coding (OSTBC) under Licklider transmission protocol (LTP) in upcoming SINs, that the closed-form expressions of the mean number of transmission rounds for reliable data delivery in automatic repeat request (ARQ) and hybrid-ARQ (HARQ) schemes is derived by using Laplace transform. Furthermore, we derive throughput expressions for lossless- and truncated-HARQ schemes, and investigate the data delivery delay in LTP over Rayleigh and Rician fading channels. We also verify the accuracy of our derived closed-form expressions of mean number of transmission rounds through the Monte Carlo simulations.


Space information networks Licklider transmission protocol Hybrid-ARQ Laplace transform Retransmission 



This work was supported in part by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (NSFC) under Grant 61771158, 61701136, 61525103 and 61371102, and the Shenzhen Basic Research Program under Grant JCYJ20160328163327348 and JCYJ20150930150304185.


  1. 1.
    Yu, Q.Y., Meng, W.X., Yang, M.C., Zheng, L.M.: Virtual multi-beamforming for distributed satellite clusters in space information networks. IEEE Wirel. Commun. 23(1), 95–101 (2016)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jia, M., Gu, X., Guo, Q., Xiang, W., Zhang, N.: Broadband hybrid satellite-terrestrial communication systems based on cognitive radio toward 5G. IEEE Wirel. Commun. 23(6), 96–106 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shi, L., Jiao, J., Sabbagh, A., Wang, R.H.: Integration of Reed-Solomon codes to licklider transmission protocol (LTP) for space DTN. IEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag. 32(4), 48–55 (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Arapoglou, P.D., Liolis, K., Bertinelli, M.: Mimo over satellite: a review. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials 13(1), 27–51 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Larsson, P., Rasmussen, L.K., Skoglund, M.: Throughput analysis of ARQ schemes in Gaussian block fading channels. IEEE Trans. Commun. 62(7), 2569–2588 (2014)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gu S.S., Jiao J., Yang Z.H., Zhang Q.Y., Wang Y.: RCLTP: a rateless coding-based licklider transmission protocol in space delay/disrupt tolerant network. In: 2013 5th International Conference on Wireless Communications Signal Processing (WCSP), Hangzhou, China (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jiao, J., Yang, Y., Feng, B.W., Wu, S.H.: Distributed rateless codes with unequal error protection property for space information networks. Entropy 19(1), 38 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nie S.X., Gu S.S., Jiao J., Xiang W., Zhang Q.Y.: A novel systematic raptor network coding scheme for Mars-to-Earth relay communications. In: 2016 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), Qatar (2016)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gu, S.S., Jiao, J., Yang, Z.H., Zhang, Q.Y.: Network-coded rateless coding scheme in erasure multiple-access relay enabled communications. IET Commun. 8(4), 537–545 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Larsson, P., Rasmussen, L.K., Skoglund, M.: Throughput analysis of hybrid-ARQ - a matrix exponential distribution approach. IEEE Trans. Commun. 64(1), 416–428 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Youjun Hu
    • 1
  • Jian Jiao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rui Zhang
    • 2
  • Shaohua Wu
    • 1
  • Shushi Gu
    • 1
  • Qinyu Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Communication Engineering Research CentreHarbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen)ShenzhenChina
  2. 2.School of Electrical and Information on EngineeringThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations