Nonlinear Spectroscopy

  • Shoichi YamaguchiEmail author


Various techniques of nonlinear spectroscopy are now applied to surface and interface analyses. They include sum frequency generation (SFG) and second-harmonic generation (SHG) that are detailed in other sections. SFG provides rich information on molecular structure at an interface by virtue of vibrational spectra, but it is not applicable to buried interfaces sandwiched by dense media absorbing IR light strongly. SHG has wider applicability because it does not use IR but just UV or visible light, but it does not allow for recording vibrational spectra. This section introduces fourth-order nonlinear Raman (FR) spectroscopy that has the advantages of SFG and SHG simultaneously.


Molecular vibration Coherent Raman Nonlinear optics 


  1. 1.
    Kuramochi, H., Takeuchi, S., Tahara, T.: Interface-selective fourth-order coherent raman spectroscopy in the time-domain using sub-7-fs pulses. Annual Meeting of Japan Society for Molecular Science, Tokyo (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nomoto, T., Onishi, H.: Fourth-order coherent Raman spectroscopy in a time domain: applications to buried interfaces. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9, 5515–5521 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and EngineeringSaitama UniversitySaitamaJapan

Personalised recommendations