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Differential Interference Contrast Microscopy/Phase-Contrast Microscopy

  • Hiroshi Komatsu
  • Gen SazakiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

A specimen that has an even magnitude of reflectivity all over the surface is called a phase object.

Keywords

Optical microscopy Surface characterization Surface microtopography 

References

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    Komatsu, H.: Optical characterization of crystal surfaces. In: Kaldis, E., (ed.) Crystal Growth of Electronic Materials, pp. 359–370. Elsevier Science Publishers B. V., Amsterdam (1985)Google Scholar
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    Komatsu, H.: Optical microscope. In: The Surface Science Society of Japan (ed.) Hyomen Bunseki Zukan, pp. 74–75, Kyoritsu Shuppan Co., Ltd., Tokyo (1994) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
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    Takamatsu, T., Fujita, S.: Microscopic tomography by laser scanning microscopy and its 3-dimensional reconstruction. J. Microsc. 149, 167–174 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sazaki, G., Zepeda, S., Nakatsubo, S., Yokoyama, E., Furukawa, Y.: Elementary steps at the surface of ice crystals visualized by advanced optical microscopy. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 107, 19702–19707 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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