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Polymer Gels pp 355-377 | Cite as

Smart Polymer Gels

  • Waham Ashaier Laftah
Chapter
Part of the Gels Horizons: From Science to Smart Materials book series (GHFSSM)

Abstract

Fundamental definitions, classification, and applications of smart polymer gels are the main discussions of this chapter. Smart polymer gels are polymer network structure which swell or shrink as a response to the changing in surrounding environment. Smart polymer gels are able to absorb high amount of water or biological fluid and release it when particular characteristic such as temperature, light, pH, and electric field of the surrounding medium is changed. Chemical compositions of the main materials of smart polymer gels are the main factors that determine the final properties. Smart polymer gels have an extensive range of application in medical such as drug delivery system, artificial muscle, and actuators. In addition, smart polymer gels are used in water treatment as ions and dyes adsorbents.

Keywords

Polymer gels Swelling Absorption capacity Environmental response 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Chemical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM)Skudai, JohorMalaysia
  2. 2.College of Oil and Gas EngineeringBasrah University for Oil and GasBasrahIraq

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