Advertisement

Wanuwa and the Communalism System of Ancient Soppeng: A Manuscript-Based Study

  • Muhlis Hadrawi
  • Nuraidar Agus
Chapter

Abstract

On the basis of lontara manuscript data, analyzed using a philological approach, this paper discusses the Soppeng kingdom in its ancient context. The study reveals an important thing about the origin of the society’s formation, which progressed from a simple to a more complex social unit. It shows that the Soppeng kingdom was established in 1261 and had already started with the development of wanuwa settlement units 100 years earlier. The ancient Soppeng wanuwa had the character of a homogeneous anang community, maintaining a solidarity system of communal life under leadership founded on local legal norms called pangadereng. Wanuwa, as the earliest social unit, had its own social authority led by a chief called the Matowa. The Matowa played an important role in strengthening the pangadereng system (normative system) in every wanuwa. Moreover, the establishment process of the Soppeng kingdom to become a complex unit, which was initiated by the appearance of Tomanurung, was part of the roles of the Matowa. Fundamentally, the oath of allegiance by the Matowa to be united under a larger Soppeng kingdom was a typical model in the establishment of Buginese Soppeng kingdoms. This pattern characterized the formation of the Buginese and Makassarese kingdoms in South Sulawesi.

Keywords

Wanuwa Soppeng Manuscript Lontara Bugis 

References

  1. 1.
    Abdul, Latif, (2013). Konfederasi Ajatappareng 1812–1906 Sejarah Sosiopolitik Orang Bugis di Sulawesi Selatan. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abendanon, E. C. (1915–1918). Midden-Celebes-expeditie: Geologische en geographische doorkruisingen van Midden-Celebes (1909–1910). Leiden: E.J. Brill.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Abidin, A. Z. (1983). Persepsi Orang Bugis dan Makassar Terhadap Hukum dan Dunia Luar. Ujungpandang: Lephas UNHAS.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caldwell, I. (1988). South Sulawesi AD 1300–1600; Ten Bugis Texts. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Canberra: Australian National University.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cense, A. A. (1972). Beberapa Tjatatan Mengenai Penulisan Sedjarah Makassar-Bugis. Djakarta: Bhratara.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Druce, S. C. (2009). The lands west of the lakes: A history of the Ajattappareng kingdoms of South Sulawesi 1200 to 1600 CE. Leiden: KITLV Press.Google Scholar

Manuscripts Sources

  1. 7.
    Naskah Lontara Pau-Paunna Meompaloe (PPM), Collection of Laboratorium Naskah, Hasanuddin University.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    Naskah Lontara La Padoma (LPD) code. Shoem VI 19, Shoem VI 31, & Shoem VI 35, colection of Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Naskah Lontara Attoriolong Soppeng (ATS) Collection of Laboratorium Naskah, Hasanuddin University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhlis Hadrawi
    • 1
  • Nuraidar Agus
    • 2
  1. 1.Fakultas Ilmu BudayaHasanuddin UniversityTamalanrea MakassarIndonesia
  2. 2.Balai Bahasa Sulawesi Selatan, Kemdikbud, Republik IndonesiaMakassarIndonesia

Personalised recommendations