Enrichment of UML by Introjection of Functional Model

  • Shivanand M. HandigundEmail author
  • B. N. Arunakumari
  • Ajeet Chikkamannur
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 77)


The de facto status of unified modeling language (UML) remains unaltered even after 20 years of advances in other technologies. The non-ascension in the status indicates some lacuna in UML, though it has undergone up-gradation in subsequent versions. Initially, UML is developed by three amigos to widen the scope and enhance the richness of diagramming languages. The clairvoyant study based on the number of involved diagrams indicates that, instead of unifying the semiotics of all three amigos diagramming languages, the diagrams of three languages are unified, discarding some of the diagrams with apprehension of descension in UML richness. The functional model which is quintessence of any open system has been discarded costing utilities of UML. This paper formulates the richness through logical positivism, unifies the semiotics of participating diagramming languages, and enhances through the reintroduction of modified functional model in the form of work process flow diagram.


Functional model Unified modeling language Semiotics Syntactics Semantics Pragmatics Business process Work process Open system Class diagram Data flow diagram 



Words are insufficient to express our deep sense of gratitude to Dr. D.B. Phatak, Professor of Department of Computer Science and Engineering IIT Bombay, for his inspiration.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shivanand M. Handigund
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. N. Arunakumari
    • 2
  • Ajeet Chikkamannur
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Information Science & EngineeringVemana Institute of TechnologyBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Research Resource CenterVisvesvaraya Technological UniversityBelagaviIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringR. L. Jalappa Institute of TechnologyBengaluruIndia

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