Multimodality Therapy

  • Jung Hoon Lee
  • Jae Hyun Jung
  • Hyeong Dong Yuk


Trimodality therapy (TMT) for localized muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is a substitute for radical cystectomy. TMT consists of chemoradiation and transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURB). The purpose of bladder preservation is to get advantage of quality of life and prevent morbidities of radical surgery with comparable oncologic outcomes. TMT could be considered not only for patients inappropriate for surgery but also for patients with MIBC who are reluctant to take surgery.


Bladder preservation Multimodal therapy Muscle-invasive bladder cancer Trimodality therapy Transurethral resection of the bladder Chemoradiation therapy 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jung Hoon Lee
    • 1
  • Jae Hyun Jung
    • 1
  • Hyeong Dong Yuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Seoul National University HospitalSeoulSouth Korea

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