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PAHs and Phototoxicity

  • Ajeet K. Srivastav
  • Shikha Agnihotry
  • Syed Faiz Mujtaba
  • Sandeep Negi
  • Ankit Verma
  • Ratan Singh Ray
Chapter

Abstract

PAHs or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons belong to group of environmental pollutants which come under human carcinogens. PAHs is a class which refers to an immensely colossal number carbon and hydrogen along with two or more fused aromatic rings. These PAHs produced from chemicals occur naturally in coal, crude oil, and gasoline. The physical properties of PAHs include flammable, solid crystals at room temperature, and tobacco leads to the engenderment of these deleterious chemicals. Their presence is also detected in cigarette smoke and motor vehicle emissions up to a certain levels. The exposure of PAHs to general population is in the form of breathing ambient and indoor air, by the consumption of contaminated aliment containing cigarette smoke, tobacco, and polluted air. Occupational exposure of PAHs may be reason for breathing quandaries, chest pain, and vexation coughing and also cause cancer.

Keywords

PAHs Photoproducts Phototoxicity Skin and cancer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajeet K. Srivastav
    • 1
  • Shikha Agnihotry
    • 2
  • Syed Faiz Mujtaba
    • 3
  • Sandeep Negi
    • 1
  • Ankit Verma
    • 1
  • Ratan Singh Ray
    • 1
  1. 1.Photobiology Laboratory, System Toxicology and Health Risk Assessment GroupCSIR- Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (IITR)LucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical-informaticsSanjay Gandhi Post Graduate InstituteLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Department of Zoology, Faculty of ScienceShia P.G. College, University of LucknowLucknowIndia

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