Some Conceptual and Structural Problems of Global Cosmopolitanism
The chapter develops the thesis of the co-evolution of national and transnational (or international) statehood further, which was introduced by a couple of earlier essays of Chris Thornhill, Matthias Albert and the author. The particular concern of the chapter is democracy. It is assumed that democracy is not just an invention of the national state but has deep roots in both national and international public law and its evolution. However, evolution must not support democracy; it can also turn against it. This is discussed with respect to the project of cosmopolitanism. As it has been realised during the process of globalisation, it is not yet democratic, and turns out to be in ever greater tension to democratic principles and hopes. A good example is the EU. However, the game is not yet over because technocratic cosmopolitanism without democracy has to face serious problems of legitimisation.