Bacterial Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Recent Trends in Production and Applications

  • Aneesh Balakrishna Pillai
  • Hari Krishnan KumarapillaiEmail author


Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are biodegradable and biocompatible polymers accumulated in microorganisms as intracellular carbon and energy reserve, which are utilized when the external carbon supply is limited. PHAs have gained popularity as ‘green polymers’ which can be a substitute for petroleum-derived plastics due to their plastic-like properties, possibility to produce from renewable resources, and complete biodegradability in environment. The high production cost is the main hindrance to the wide spread use of these materials. Research is progressing with an aim to produce PHAs from cheap and easily available carbon sources and from waste materials and thereby make them economically competitive with conventional plastics. This review is focused on recent advances in the field of bacterial production of polyhydroxyalkanoates and their applications.


Biopolymers Polyhydroxyalkanoates Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate PHA biosynthesis PHA copolymers Bacterial fermentation 



The authors are grateful to Prof. M. Radhakrishna Pillai, Director, RGCB, for the facilities provided. We acknowledge the financial support from Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), India (SRF; 09/716(0149)/2012-EMR-I).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aneesh Balakrishna Pillai
    • 1
  • Hari Krishnan Kumarapillai
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Environmental Biology LaboratoryRajiv Gandhi Centre for BiotechnologyPoojappura, ThiruvananthapuramIndia

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