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Characterization of Lamellate Mushrooms—An Appraisal

  • N. S. AtriEmail author
  • Munruchi Kaur
  • Samidha Sharma
Chapter

Abstract

Ever since the work on mushroom systematics started, it remained centred around conventional morphology-based parameters. Over a period of time with the advancement of microscopic techniques, the use of internal anatomical details and other microscopic features including SEM details strengthened the taxonomic conclusions leading to the discovery of newer characters for supplementing the morphological features. Simultaneously, the importance of macrochemical and microchemical reactions in mushroom systematics has been emphasized along with the utility of chemotaxonomic and numerical taxonomic methods, although all such characters play a supplementary role in their taxonomic categorization. All such studies enabled the mushroom mycologists to reach right taxonomic conclusions. Towards the end of 1990s, there has been a rapid transformation from conventional morphology-based system to contemporary molecular phylogenetic system based on sequence analysis employing next-generation sequencing technology. Presently, the scientists are trying to understand the higher level of relationship among lamellate mushrooms and their non-lamellate relatives by sequencing gene coding for several specific non-coding ribosomal DNA regions such as ITS, nLSU, nSSU, mitochondrial non-coding gene like mtSSU and protein coding genes such as rpb1, rpb2, atp6, tef1. Of late the use of newer techniques to study mushroom taxonomy and to understand their phylogeny has started slowly picking up in India as well, which is a welcome step. Mushrooms exhibit immense variation of shape, texture, colour, smell, taste and have varied ecological preferences. In the present paper, the importance of morphological, anatomical, chemical, numerical and molecular aspects in the characterization of mushrooms on modern lines has been discussed.

Keywords

Agarics Taxonomic categorization Hymenophore Phylogeny Field key 

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyPunjabi UniversityPatialaIndia
  2. 2.Department of BotanyArya College LudhianaLudhianaIndia

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