The Effects of Task Demand and External Stimuli on Learner’s Stress Perception and Job Performance

  • Yee Mei Lim
  • Aladdin Ayesh
  • Martin Stacey
  • Li Peng Tan
Conference paper


Over the past decades, research in affective learning has begun to take emotions into account, which advocates an education system that is sentient of learner’s cognitive and affective states, as learners’ performance could be affected by emotional factors. This exploratory research examines the impacts of mental arithmetic demand and external stimuli on learner’s stress perception and job performance. External stimuli include time pressure and displays of countdown timer and clock on an online assessment system. Experiments are conducted on five different groups of undergraduate students, with a total of 160 of them from a higher learning institution. The results show that the impacts are significant. Correlations between task demand, external stimuli, learner’s stress and job performance are also significant.


Clock Demand Performance Stress Time pressure Timer 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Applied Sciences and ComputingTunku Abdul Rahman University CollegeKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.School of TechnologyDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK

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