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Repair of Facial Nerve Paralysis After Tumor Surgery

  • Chuan YangEmail author
  • Xiao Zhou
Chapter
Part of the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery book series (PRS)

Abstract

The facial nerve paralysis is called as the facial paralysis in short and is a general term for the syndrome with main characteristics such as the loss of facial voluntary movement and loss of expressive function. Due to failing to control the facial expression muscles, the patients cannot show emotion, and the morphological distortion and functional disorder will also appear. The consequences of facial paralysis are undoubtedly devastating, and the patients often have strange psychological twist and unsociable and eccentric disposition, which severely affect the normal social activities. The repair is particularly important for the facial paralysis patients after tumor surgery, because in addition to the original damage caused by tumor surgery, the subsequent facial paralysis further aggravates the physical and psychological trauma of the patient. And the timely repair of the facial paralysis in patients after tumor surgery cannot only significantly improve the facial condition of the patient and repair the psychological trauma but also enhance their strength and confidence to overcome the disease, because after facial nerve injury, the facial muscles controlled by the facial nerve will have atrophy and degeneration and eventually become the fibrous tissue without systolic function due to fibrosis. To restore the facial activity, it is required to repair the facial nerve as early as possible, and even it is needed to transplant the muscle into the affected face, and the power is reconstructed to repair facial paralysis. Because there are more facial expression muscles, the location and extent of the paralysis may vary; therefore, a detailed and accurate classification of the facial paralysis sequelae must be carried out at first, and then the appropriate repair methods are formulated combining the characteristics of the primary disease and physical condition, psychological quality, and rehabilitation desire in the patients. The individualized repair of facial paralysis and a series of repairs of facial deformities should be the direction of repair of the facial paralysis sequelae after tumor surgery [1, 2].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Zhejiang Science and Technology Publishing House 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai JiaoTong University School of MedicineShanghai ShiChina
  2. 2.Hunan Cancer Hospital/The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine,Central South UniversityChangsha Shi, Hunan ShengChina

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