Why Facial Bone Contouring Surgery?: Backgrounds

  • Sanghoon Park


The Western proverb says that “beauty is only skin-deep.” So is it true? I do not agree. If that is true, plastic surgery might be only a single chapter in dermatology. Moreover, many plastic surgeons complain that even after a successful operation on one’s eyes or nose, the overall change on the patient’s aesthetics is not that big at all. Now we all know very well that without any change on this shape of the face, there are limitations with any other kind of cosmetic surgeries. The shape of one’s face is constructed with bone. The marked differences between Caucasian and Asian face mainly come from the facial bone structure. Now we can say that “beauty is bone-deep.”


  1. 1.
    Larrabee WF, Makielski KH. Variations in facial anatomy with race, sex, and age. In: Larrabee WF, Makielski KH, Henderson JL, editors. Surgical anatomy of the face. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Whitaker LA, Pertschuk M. Facial skeletal contouring for aesthetic purpose. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1982;69(2):245–53.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baek SM, Kim SS, Bindiger A. The prominent mandibular angle: preoperative management, operative technique, and results in 42 patients. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1989;83(2):272–80.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pu L. Aesthetic plastic surgery in Asians: Principles and techniques. Boca Raton: CRC; 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Facial Bone Surgery, Department of Plastic SurgeryID HospitalSeoulSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations