Antepartum Management of Women with Cardiovascular Disease

  • Koichiro NiwaEmail author


Cardiac disease is a major cause of maternal death. The number of such cardiac patients at risk is expected to grow. Women with pulmonary hypertension, severe left ventricular outflow stenosis, cyanotic congenital heart disease, aortic root dilatation, cardiac dysfunction, and mechanical valves have a high risk. The most frequent complications during pregnancy and delivery are heart failure and arrhythmias. Risk stratification for pregnancy and heart disease relates to the functional status of the patient and is lesion specific. Timely prepregnancy counseling should be offered to all women with heart disease in order to prevent avoidable pregnancy-related risks. Adequate care during pregnancy, delivery, and the postpartum period requires a multidisciplinary team approach with cardiologists, obstetricians, and anesthesiologists and other related disciplines. Successful pregnancy is feasible for most women with heart disease with a relatively low risk when appropriate counseling and optimal care are provided.


Cardiovascular disease Adult congenital heart disease Congenital heart disease Cardiac failure Arrhythmia 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cardiovascular CenterSt Luke’s International HospitalChuo-kuJapan

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