Advertisement

Enhancing Water Governance for Climate Resilience: Arizona, USA—Sonora, Mexico Comparative Assessment of the Role of Reservoirs in Adaptive Management for Water Security

  • Christopher A. ScottEmail author
  • America N. Lutz-Ley
Chapter
Part of the Water Resources Development and Management book series (WRDM)

Abstract

Climate variability and change exert disproportionate impacts on the water sector because water is a crosscutting resource for food production, energy generation, economic development, poverty alleviation, and ecosystem processes. Flexible surface water and groundwater storage together with adaptive water governance are increasingly recognized and deployed to strengthen climate resilience, specifically by buffering drought and flood extremes, bridging interannual variability, and providing for multiple uses of water, including environmental flows. Adaptation can be further enhanced by the following: (1) accounting for hydroclimatic and water-demand uncertainties; (2) strengthening institutional learning in relation to reservoirs (reoperations as well as mechanisms to address growing civil-society critiques of “hard-path dependence”); (3) increasing flexibility of policies for infrastructure (including readaptation to past cycles of infrastructure development); and (4) building on science-policy dialogues that link infrastructure and governance. An array of complementary adaptation tools will buttress climate resilience. Some emerging techniques include underground storage, distributed basin-wide enhancement of water retention, efficient water use (with limits on the expansion of new demands on saved water), and wastewater reclamation and reuse (with their own emerging storage and recovery techniques). Each of these techniques is directly linked to reservoirs in practical and operational terms. Conjunctive surface-water and groundwater storage must be further developed through infrastructure, institutional, and policy approaches including groundwater banking, trading and credit schemes, water swaps (substitutions and exchanges), and a robust approach to targeted water storage for climate resilience.

Keywords

Reservoirs Infrastructure Groundwater banking Water security Adaptation Readaptation Hard path Soft path Arizona Sonora 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the World Water Council as well as the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (project CRN3056, which is supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant GEO-1128040).

References

  1. Aboites L (2009) La decadencia de agua de la nación. Estudio sobre desigualdad social y cambio político en México. Segunda mitad del siglo XX. El Colegio de Mexico, MexicoGoogle Scholar
  2. Brooks DB, Brandes OM (2011) Why a water soft path, why now and what then? Int J Water Res Dev 27(2):315–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Browning-Aiken A, Richter H, Goodrich D, Strain B, Varady R (2004) Upper San pedro basin: fostering collaborative binational watershed management. Int J Water Res Dev 20(3):353–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. CEA Sonora (2008) Estadísticas del Agua en el Estado de Sonora, Edicion 2008 (Water Statistics in Sonora, 2008th edn. CEA Sonora, Hermosillo, SonoraGoogle Scholar
  5. Central Arizona Project (CAP) (2010) The Navajo Generating Station White Paper. http://www.cap-az.com/includes/media/docs/Navajo-Generating-Station-White-Paper–2-.pdf. Accessed Nov 15 2015
  6. CONAGUA (2015) Sistema de Seguridad en Presas (Dams Security System). http://201.116.60.136/inventario/hinicio.aspx. Accessed Nov 15 2015
  7. Dean R (1997) Dam building still had some magic then: stewart udall, the central arizona project, and the evolution of the pacific southwest water plan, 1963–1968. Pac Hist Rev 66:81–98Google Scholar
  8. Diario Oficial de la Federación (Mexican Federal Bulletin) (1998) DOF: 18/05/1998. http://www.dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=4878553&fecha=18/05/1998. Accessed Nov 23 2015
  9. Eden S, Scott CA, Lamberton ML, Megdal SB (2011) Energy-water interdependencies and the central arizona project. In: Kenney D, Wilkinson R (eds) The water-energy nexus in the american west. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp 109–122Google Scholar
  10. El Imparcial (2015) Desfogan otra vez presa ‘El Molinito’. El Imparcial newspaper. http://www.elimparcial.com/EdicionEnlinea/Notas/Sonora/04092015/1004775-Desfogan-otra-vez-presa-El-Molinito.html. Accessed Nov 16 2015
  11. Farfán LM, Alfaro EJ, Cavazos T (2013) Characteristics of tropical cyclones making landfall on the pacific coast of Mexico: 1970–2010. Atmósfera 26(2):163–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gleick PH (2003) Global freshwater resources: soft-path solutions for the 21st century. Science 302(5650):1524–1528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Glennon RJ (1995) Coattails of the past: using and financing the central arizona project. Ariz St LJ 27:677Google Scholar
  14. Gooch RS, Cherrington PA, Reinink Y (2007) Salt river project experience in conversion from agriculture to urban water use. Irrigat Drain Syst 21(2):145–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hollnagel E, Woods DD, Leveson N (eds) (2006) Resilience engineering: concepts and precepts. Ashgate Publishing, Farnham, UKGoogle Scholar
  16. INEGI (2010) México en cifras (Mexico in figures). http://www3.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/mexicocifras/default.aspx?e=26. Accessed Nov 15 2015
  17. Kates RW, Travis WR, Wilbanks TJ (2012) Transformational adaptation when incremental adaptations to climate change are insufficient. P Natl Acad Sci 109(19):7156–7161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lach D, Ingram H, Rayner S (2004) Maintaining the status quo: how institutional norms and practices create conservative water organizations. Tex Law Rev 83:2027–2053Google Scholar
  19. Leichenko RM, O’Brien KL (2008) Environmental change and globalization: double exposures. Oxford University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lloyd’s Register Foundation (LRF) (2015) Foresight review of resilience engineering: designing for the expected and unexpected. Report Series: No. 2015.2. LRF, LondonGoogle Scholar
  21. Lovins AB (1976) Energy strategy: the road not taken. Foreign Aff 55(1):65–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lovins AB (1979) Energy controversy: soft path questions and answers. Friends of the Earth, San Francisco, CAGoogle Scholar
  23. Lutz-Ley AN, Pablos NP, Adams AS (2011) La política hidráulica del Gobierno del Estado de Sonora y el Programa Sonora SI en el año 2010. In: Mendez E, Covarrubias A (eds) Estudios sobre Sonora 2010. Instituciones, procesos socio-espaciales, simbólica e imaginario. Universidad de Sonora, Hermosillo, Sonora, pp 27–47Google Scholar
  24. Lutz-Ley AN (2013) La construcción social de grupos objetivo en subprogramas de ‘Cultura del Agua’ en Hermosillo, Sonora. In: Pineda N (coord.) Modelos para el análisis de políticas públicas. El Colegio de Sonora, Hermosillo, Sonora, pp 129–143Google Scholar
  25. Lutz-Ley AN (2014) Institutional frameworks for managing groundwater in rural Arizona and Sonora. The University of Arizona. Unpublished manuscript awarded 2nd place of the Central Arizona Project’s Water Research Award 2014. http://www.cap-az.com/documents/education/America-N-Lutz-Ley-Institutional-Frameworks-for-Managing-Groundwater-in-Rural-Arizona-and-Sonora.pdf. Accessed Dec 18 2015
  26. McCullough E, Matson PA (2011) Evolution of the knowledge system for agricultural development in the yaqui valley. P Natl Acad Sci, Sonora, Mexico. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1011602108 Google Scholar
  27. Megdal SB (2012) The role of the public and private sectors in water provision in Arizona. USA. Water Int 37(2):156–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Megdal SB et al (2014) Water banks: using managed aquifer recharge to meet water policy objectives. Water 6:1500–1514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Moser S, Pike C (2015) Community engagement on adaptation: meeting a growing capacity need. Urban Climate 14:111–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Overpeck J, Garfin G, Jardine A et al (2013) Summary for decision makers. In: Garfin G, Jardine A, Merideth R et al (eds) Assessment of climate change in the Southwest United States: a report prepared for the National Climate Assessment. Island Press, Washington, DC, Southwest Climate Alliance, pp 1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Palmer MA, Reidy Liermann CA, Nilsson C et al (2008) Climate change and the world’s river basins: anticipating management options. Front Ecol Environ 6(2):81–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pineda-Pablos N, Scott CA, Wilder M et al (2012) Hermosillo, ciudad sin agua para crecer. Vulnerabilidad hídrica y retos frente al cambio climático. In: Wilder M, Scott CA, Pineda-Pablos N et al (eds) Moving forward from vulnerability to adaptation: climate change, drought, and water demand in the urbanizing Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, The University of Arizona, Tucson, pp 125–169Google Scholar
  33. Prichard AH, Scott CA (2013) Interbasin water transfers at the U.S.-Mexico border city of Nogales, Sonora: Implications for aquifers and water security. Int J Water Res Dev 29(2):1–17. doi: 10.1080/07900627.2012.755597 Google Scholar
  34. Robles-Morua A, Che D, Mayer AS, Vivoni ER (2015) Hydrological assessment of proposed reservoirs in the Sonora River Basin, Mexico, under historical and future climate scenarios. Hydrolog Sci J 60(1):50–66. doi: 10.1080/02626667.2013.878462 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Scott CA, Bailey CJ, Marra RP et al (2012) Scenario planning to address critical uncertainties for robust and resilient water-wastewater infrastructures under conditions of water scarcity and rapid development. Water 4:848–868. doi: 10.3390/w4040848 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Scott CA, Meza FJ, Varady RG et al (2013) Water security and adaptive management in the arid Americas. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 103(2):280–289. doi: 10.1080/00045608.2013.754660 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Scott CA, Pineda-Pablos N (2011) Innovating resource regimes: water, wastewater, and the institutional dynamics of urban hydraulic reach in northwest Mexico. Geoforum 42(4):439–450CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Scott CA, Banister J (2008) The dilemma of water management ‘regionalization’ in Mexico under centralized resource allocation. Int Water Res Dev 24(1):61–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Taylor RG, Scanlon B, Döll P et al (2013) Ground water and climate change. Nat Clim Chang 3(4):322–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tortajada C (2010) Water governance: Some critical issues. Int J Water Res Dev 26(2):297–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. United States Census Bureau (2010) United States Census 2010. https://www.census.gov/2010census/. Accessed Nov 23 2015
  42. Varady RG, Scott CA, Wilder M et al (2013) Transboundary adaptive management to reduce climate-change vulnerability in the western U.S.-Mexico border region. Environ Sci Policy 26:102–112. doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2012.07.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Vitousek PM (1994) Beyond global warming: ecology and global change. Ecology 75(7):1861–1876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Vörösmarty CJ, Pahl-Wostl C, Bunn SE, Lawford R (2013) Global water, the Anthropocene and the transformation of a science. Curr Opin Environ Sustain 5(6):539–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Walker B, Salt D (2012) Resilience practice: building capacity to absorb disturbance and maintain function. Island Press, Washington, DCCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wentz EA, Gober P (2007) Determinants of small-area water consumption for the city of Phoenix. Arizona. Water Res Manag 21(11):1849–1863CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Wilder M, Scott CA, Pineda Pablos N et al (2010) Adapting across boundaries: climate change, social learning, and resilience in the U.S.-Mexico border region. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 100(4):917–928. doi: 10.1080/00045608.2010.500235
  48. Wolff G, Gleick PH (2002) The soft path for water. In: Gleick PH, Burns WCG, Chalecki EL (eds) The world’s water 2002–2003: the biennial report on freshwater resources. Island Press, Washington, DC, pp 1–32Google Scholar
  49. World Commission on Dams (2000) Dams and development: a new framework for decision-making. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

Personalised recommendations