Controlled Drug Delivery Systems

  • Hamid Reza RezaieEmail author
  • Mohammadhossein Esnaashary
  • Abolfazl Aref arjmand
  • Andreas Öchsner
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


Drug concentration must be placed between two thresholds, referred as the minimum effective concentration and the maximum toxic concentration, to be effective and nontoxic. Usually, a drug is released in three manners.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Reza Rezaie
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammadhossein Esnaashary
    • 1
  • Abolfazl Aref arjmand
    • 1
  • Andreas Öchsner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Engineering Materials, Ceramic and Biomaterial DivisionIran University of Science and TechnologyTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringEsslingen University of Applied SciencesEsslingenGermany

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