# Algebra/English as a Second Language (ESL) Teaching Experiment

Chapter

## Abstract

A teaching experiment in correlating the instruction of courses in Elementary Algebra and Intermediate ESL is described whose results suggest a measurable transfer of thought organization from algebraic thinking into written natural English. It is shown that a proper context to situate this new effect is (1) the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) of L. Vygotsky and (2) a new concept of the “Relative ZPD” characterizing the relationship between the ZPD of arithmetic/algebra and ZPD of native/foreign language.

## Keywords

Teaching Experiment Credit Card Word Problem Word Order Passing Rate
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