Mathematics Teacher’s Language Practices in a Grade 4 Multilingual Class

  • Lindiwe Tshabalala
  • Philip Clarkson


Multilingualism is rapidly becoming a serious challenge for many schools in South Africa, most noticeably in the Gauteng province. Not only do many schools have learners with a variety of South African indigenous languages as their home language, but numerous schools also have learners from other African countries. As a result of this language complexity many schools have opted for English as the language of teaching and learning despite that fact that many teachers and learners are not fluent in English (Gauteng Department of Education, 2011).


Mathematics Teacher Conceptual Understanding Word Problem Mathematics Classroom Informal Settlement 
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© Sense Publishers 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lindiwe Tshabalala
    • 1
  • Philip Clarkson
    • 2
  1. 1.Gauteng Department of EducationUniversity of South AfricaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Faculty of Education and ArtsAustralian Catholic UniversitySydneyAustralia

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