Being and Seeing Chakma

Constructing Self and Other through Images
  • Raqib Chowdhury
Part of the Transgressions: Cultural Studies and Education book series (TRANS, volume 107)

Abstract

The increased politicisation of the question of ‘who is Indigenous’ can be seen as a result of success in the attainment of legal recognition – often through international laws – of Indigenous peoples around the world. Consequently, international organisations, host states, non-governmental organisations and researchers have each attempted to develop their own definitional standards of native peoples over the last five decades, although, as Corntassel (2003) points out, this is best answered by Indigenous communities themselves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adnan, S. (2008). Contestations regarding identity, nationalism and citizenship during the struggles of the Indigenous peoples of the Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh. International Review of Modern Sociology, 34(1), 27–45.Google Scholar
  2. Ahsan, S. A.-A., & Chakma, B. (1989). Problems of national integration in Bangladesh: The Chittagong hill tracts. Asian Survey, 29(10), 959–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alerby, E. (2008). In school you learn to get in life: Sami children in Sweden. In E. Alerby & J. Brown (Eds.), Voices from the margins: School experiences of refugee, migrant and indigenous children (pp. 31–41). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Alerby, E., & Bergmark, U. (2012). What can an image tell? Challenges and benefits of using visual art as a research method to voice lived experiences of students and teachers. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 1(1), 95–103.Google Scholar
  5. Bach, H. (2008). Visual narrative inquiry. In L. M. Given (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. (pp. 939–941). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Inc. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412963909.n490Google Scholar
  6. Barth, F. (1969). Ethnic groups and boundaries: The social organization of culture difference. Illinois, IL: Waveland Press Inc.Google Scholar
  7. Barua, B. (2007). Colonialism, education, and rural Buddhist Communities in Bangladesh. International Education, 37(1), 60–76.Google Scholar
  8. Bhaumik, S. (1997). Strategic pawn: Indian policy in the Chittagong hill tracts. In S. Bhaumik, M. Guhathakurtha, & S. B. R. Chaudhury (Eds.), Living on the Edge: Essays on the Chittagong Hill Tracts (pp. 127–139). Kolkata, IN: Calcutta Research Group.Google Scholar
  9. Chakma, B. (2008). Assessing the 1997 Chittagong hill tracts peace accord. Asian Profile, 36(1), 93–106.Google Scholar
  10. Chakma, B. (2010). The post-colonial state and minorities: Ethnocide in the Chittagong hill tracts, Bangladesh. Commonwealth & Comparative Study, 48(3), 281–300. doi:  10.1080/14662043.2010.489746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chakma, B., Neale, M., Stiedl, H., Crawley, W., Gillett, S., Crawley, W., Prance, G. (2010). South Asia. Asian Affairs, 41(3), 482–497. doi:  10.1080/03069374.2010.510707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chakma, S. S. (2000). Can Chittagong hill tracts accommodate more people? In C. R. Abrar (Ed.) On the margin: Refugees, mmigrants and minorities (pp. 185–189). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Refugees and Migratory Movements Research Unit.Google Scholar
  13. Chowdhury, K. (2008). Politics of identities and resources in Chittagong hill tracts, Bangladesh: ethnonationalism and/or Indigenous identity. Asia Journal of Social Science, 36, 57–78. doi:  10.1163/15853108X267567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Corntassel, J. (2003). Who is indigenous? ‘Peoplehood’ and ethnonationalist approaches to rearticulating indigenous identity. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 9(1), 75–100. doi:  10.1080/13537110412331301365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Damodaran, V. (2006). The politics of marginality and the construction of indigeneity in Chotanagpur. Postcolonial Studies, 9(2), 179–196. doi:  10.1080/13688790600657843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Datta, S. (2003). Bangladesh's political evolution: Growing uncertainties. Strategic Analysis, 27(2), 233–249. doi:  10.1080/09700160308450085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Foucault, M. (1990). The history of sexuality, Volume 1: An introduction(R. Hurley, Trans.). New York, NY: Vintage.Google Scholar
  18. Gerharz, E. (2000). The construction of identities: The case of the Chittagong hill tracts in Bangladesh. Bielefeld: Transnationalisation and Development Research Centre (TDRC). Germany: Bielefeld University. Retrieved April 27, 2014 from http://www.uni-bielefeld.de/tdrc/downloads/lefo_gerharz.pdfGoogle Scholar
  19. Guhathakurta, M. (1997). Overcoming otherness and building trust: The Kalpana Chakma case. In S. Bhaumik, M. Guhathakurtha, & S. B. R. Chaudhury (Eds.), Living on the edge: Essays on the Chittagong hill tracts (pp. 109–126). Kolkata, India: Calcutta Research Group.Google Scholar
  20. Guhathakurta, M. (2012). Amidst the winds of change: The Hindu minority in Bangladesh. South Asian History and Culture, 3(2), 288–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gurr, T. R. (1998, December) State, nation and ethnicity in contemporary South Asia: American political science review. The American Political Science Review, 92(4), 951–952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Haig-Brown, C. (2008). Working a third space: Indigenous knowledge in the post/colonial university. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 31(1), 253–320.Google Scholar
  23. Huda, M. N. (2013). Understanding indigenous people's perception on climate change and climate hazards: A case study of Chakma indigenous communities in Rangamati Sadar Upazila of Rangamati district, Bangladesh. Nat Hazards, 65, 2147–2159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jhala, A. D. (2013). Daughters of the hills: Legacies of colonialism, nationalism and religious communalism in the Chakma Raj family, Chittagong hill tracts, Bengal c. 1990–1972. South Asian History and Culture, 4(1), 107–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kabeer, N. (1991). The quest for national identity: Women, Islam and the State of Bangladesh. In D. Kandiyoti (Ed.), Women, Islam and the State (pp. 115–143). Philadelphia: Temple University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Karim, L. (1998). Pushed to the margins: Adivasi peoples in Bangladesh and the case of Kalpana Chakma. Contemporary South Asia, 7(3), 301–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Khan, Z. R. (1994). Bangladesh in 1993: Values, identity, and development. Asian Survey, 34(2), 160–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mohaiemen, N. (Ed.). (2010). Between ashes and hope: Chittagong hill tracts in the blind spot of Bangladesh nationalism. Bangladesh: Dristipat Writers’ Collective.Google Scholar
  29. Mohsin, A. (1997a). The politics of nationalism: The case of the Chittagong hill tracts. Dhaka, Bangladesh: The University Press Limited.Google Scholar
  30. Mohsin, A. (1997b, February 23–26). Militarisation and human rights violations in the Chittagong hill tracts. Paper presented at an International Peace Conference on Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangkok.Google Scholar
  31. Mohsin, A. (2000). Identity, politics and hegemony: The Chittagong hill tracts, Bangladesh. Identity, Culture and Polittics, 1(1), 78–88.Google Scholar
  32. Mohsin, A. (2001a, March). Slash and burn. New Internationalist, 332, p. 27. Retrieved from http://newint.org/features/2001/03/05/slash/Google Scholar
  33. Mohsin, A. (2001b). The State of ‘Minority’ Rights in Bangladesh. Colombo, Srilanka: International Centre for Ethnic Studies.Google Scholar
  34. Mohsin, A. (2003). The Chittagong hill tracts, Bangladesh: On the difficult road to peace (p. 45). London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  35. Rahman, A. K. M. R. (2010). Effects of gender and education on social identity in Chakma tribal population in Bangladesh. Journal of Life Earth Sciences, 5, 101–103.Google Scholar
  36. Stanley, P. (this volume). Theorizing the cultural borderlands: Imag(in)ing “them” and “us”. In J. Brown & N. F. Johnson (Eds.), Children’s images of identity, (pp. 1–13). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
  37. Stollznow, K. (2006). The writing’s on the wall for endangered writing systems. Australian Science, 27(7), 46.Google Scholar
  38. Uddin, N. (2010). Politics of cultural difference: Identity and marginality in the Chittagong hill tracts of Bangladesh. South Asian Survey, 17(2), 283–294. doi:  10.1177/097152311201700206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. van Schendel, W. (1992). The invention of the ‘Jummas’: State formation and ethnicity in Southeastern Bangladesh. Modern Asian Studies, 26(1), 95–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Sense Publishers 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raqib Chowdhury

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations