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Human Rights, Disability, Economics and Nuclear Releases

  • Darcy L. MacPhersonEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Economics can in fact be used to promote human rights. While others make distinctions between the intentional use of nuclear material as a part of a weapons system, on the one hand, and the inadvertent release of material in a nuclear accident on the other, the author points out that for those affected by the release, the distinction may not really be meaningful. Therefore, he refers to both collectively as ‘nuclear releases’. The author then turns to the connections between nuclear issues and disability. Some are positive; others are not. Disablement often leads to a downturn in economic performance. But, the relationship does not work only one way. Economic downturn (almost inevitable after nuclear releases) can lead to psychological disablement in far greater number than the physical consequences from the release. Also, regardless of who provides care to those who were disabled prior to the release (whether family members or paid service providers), disabled persons are generally less adaptable to major life changes caused by disasters, including nuclear release. This increased need for service for service following disaster occurs at precisely the time when there is less tax revenue to cover the needs of the population. Considering the impact of the United Nations Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. the author argues that this Treaty requires States to be forward-looking and proactive to protect persons with disabilities. Finally, he puts forward some tentative thoughts on how a State might choose to fund the needs of persons with disabilities in the event of a nuclear release.

Keywords

Disability Economics Family Care Human Rights Nuclear Releases Nuclear Release Fund 

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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser press and the authors 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Room 305J, Robson Hall, Faculty of LawUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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