Advertisement

Uranium Mining: Environmental and Human Health Effects

  • Dale Dewar
Chapter

Abstract

Focussing on the mining of uranium and its subsequent milling and refining operations, this chapter presents a highly critical review of the few known and many unknown effects of the nuclear industry upon the environment and the health of humans. As the effects will persist for as long as the wastes from the process, the chapter concludes with questions about the role of uranium mining in the long range of pollution with ionizing radiation.

Keywords

Cancer Environmental Effects Health Effects Mining Waste Radon Uranium Yellowcake 

References

  1. Brugge D, Buchner V (2011) Health Effects of uranium: New research findings. 26(4) Reviews on Environmental Health, 231–49, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22435323
  2. Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (2009) Understanding Health Studies and Risk Assessments Conducted in the Port Hope Community from the 1950s to the Present. http://www.nuclearsafety.gc.ca/eng/pdfs/Info-0781-en.pdf
  3. Coxworth A, Prebble P (2013) The Government of Canada’s Legacy of Contamination in Northern Saskatchewan Watersheds, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives-SK, Saskatchewan Notes. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/sasknotes-government-canadas-legacy-contamination-northern-saskatchewan
  4. Dewar D, Oelck F (2014) From Hiroshima to Fukushima to You. A Primer on Radiation and Health. Between the Lines, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  5. Lu-Fritts PY et al. (2014) Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is Associated with Uranium Exposure in a Community Living Near a Uranium Processing Plant: A Nested Case-Control Study. Vol. 66 Arthritis & Rheumatology, 3105–3112Google Scholar
  6. National Research Council of the National Academies (2012) Uranium Mining in Virginia: Scientific, Technical, Environmental, Human Health and Safety, and Regulatory Aspects of Uranium Mining and Processing in Virginia, Chapter 6: Potential Environmental Effects of Uranium Mining, Processing, and Reclamation. National Academies Press, Virginia, https://www.nap.edu/read/13266/chapter/9
  7. Persson BR, Holm E (2011) Polonium-210 and lead-210 in the terrestrial environment: A historical review. 102(5) Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 420–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.01.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. SENES Consultants Limited (2002) Expert Advice Concerning Radiological Aspects of Proposed Niocan Project at Oka, Quebec. http://www.bape.gouv.qc.ca/sections/archives/oka/docdeposes/documdeposes/DB26.pdf
  9. U.S. National Academy of Sciences Advisory Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR) (2009) The BEIR Report VII, Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation, https://www.nap.edu/resource/11340/beir_vii_final.pdf

Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser press and the authors 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WynyardCanada

Personalised recommendations