Assessing Security of Soft Targets Using Complex Systems Analysis Methods

  • Bohus LeitnerEmail author
  • Maria Luskova
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)


The paper is dealing with issues of soft targets security represented by places with a high concentration of people and a low level of security against violent attacks. The aim of the paper is to assess the security of selected soft target object (with a large number of people) through appropriate methods for risk analysis, evaluation of results and proposal of indicators for implementing the methods into the practice. For solution of the issues analyses of complex systems methods – ETA and FMEA were used. Applying these methods resulted in a risk reduction at minimum required level. Based on the findings, the FMEA method was indicated to be the most effective due to flexible access to the object assessment. The results can be used as a basis for an assessment of soft targets security and also as an incentive in modelling of violent attacks.


Soft target Complex systems ETA FMEA Security assessment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ŽilinaŽilinaSlovakia

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