Advertisement

Assessing Pressures in Landscape Planning

  • Christian AlbertEmail author
  • Rodrigo Caracciolo Martins
  • Andrew A. Lovett
Chapter
Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 24)

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of relevant pressures, their more specific effects in different types of ecosystems, some guidelines for assessing pressures, and an illustrative case study. It provides insights concerning which pressures need to receive particular consideration in different types of ecosystems, and how they can be evaluated. An example is provided through a case study of pressures on natural capital in East Anglia, UK.

Keywords

Pressures Landscape impacts Ecosystem impacts Risk register 

References

  1. EEA. (2010). The European environment: State and outlook 2010, land use. http://www.eea.europa.eu/soer/europe/land-use/at_download/file. Accessed 18 June 2018.
  2. EEA. (2012). Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012: An indicator-based report (EEA Report No 12/2012). http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/climate-impacts-and-vulnerability-2012. Accessed 4 July 2018.
  3. EEA. (2015). European ecosystem assessment: Concept, data, and implementation (EEA Technical Report No 6/2015). http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/europeanecosystem-assessment. Accessed 18 June 2018.
  4. EEA. (2017) Aviation and shipping – impacts on Europe’s environment (EEA Report No 22/2017). https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/term-report/#content-1. Accessed 18 June 2018.
  5. European Commission. (2016). Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services, mapping and assessing the condition of Europe’s ecosystems: Progress and challenges. Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union.Google Scholar
  6. Haslett, J. R., Berry, P. M., Bela, G., et al. (2010). Changing conservation strategies in Europe: A framework integrating ecosystem services and dynamics. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 2963–2977.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9743-y.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kløve, B., Allan, A., Bertrand, G., et al. (2011). Groundwater dependent ecosystems. Part II. Ecosystem services and management in Europe under risk of climate change and land use intensification. Environmental Science & Policy, 14, 782–793.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2011.04.005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lovett, A. A., Turner, R. K., & Sünnenberg, G., et al. (2018). A natural capital asset check and risk register for the Anglian Water Combined Services Area. CSERGE and The Anglian Centre for Water Studies, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia.Google Scholar
  9. Mace, G. M., Hails, R. S., Cryle, P., et al. (2015). Towards a risk register for natural capital. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52, 641–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Maes, J., Teller, A., Erhard, M., et al. (2014). Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services. Indicators for ecosystem assessments under action 5 of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020, 2nd report. Luxembourg: Publications office of the European Union.Google Scholar
  11. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  12. Natural Capital Committee. (2017). How to do it: A natural capital workbook Version 1. https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/natural-capital-committee. Accessed 18 June 2018.
  13. Reidsma, P., Tekelenburg, T., van den Berg, et al. (2006). Impacts of land-use change on biodiversity: An assessment of agricultural biodiversity in the European Union. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 114, 86–102.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.11.026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rounsevell, M. D. A., & Harrison, P. A. (2016). Drivers of change for ecosystem services. In M. Potschin, R. Haines-Young, R. Fish, & R. K. Turner (Eds.), Routledge handbook of ecosystem services (pp. 94–98). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Smeets, E., & Weterings, R. (1999). Environmental indicators: Typology and overview (Technical Report No. 25). Copenhagen: EEA.Google Scholar
  16. Stoate, C., Baldi, A., Beja, P., et al. (2009). Ecological impacts of early 21st century agricultural change in Europe – A review. Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 22–46.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.07.005.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Tilman, D., Fargione, J., Wolff, B., et al. (2001). Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change. Science, 292(5515), 281–284.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1057544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. von Haaren, C. (Ed.). (2004). Landschaftsplanung. Stuttgart: Eugen Ulmer.Google Scholar
  19. Zisenis, M. (2015). Alien plant species: A real fear for urban ecosystems in Europe? Urban Ecosystems, 18, 355–370.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-014-0400-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Albert
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rodrigo Caracciolo Martins
    • 1
  • Andrew A. Lovett
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Environmental PlanningLeibniz University HannoverHannoverGermany
  2. 2.School of Environmental SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK

Personalised recommendations