European Union Policies and Standards as Drivers for Ecosystem Service Provision and Impairment

  • Christian SchleyerEmail author
  • Sylvia Herrmann
  • Irene Bouwma
  • Eeva Primmer
  • Klara J. Winkler
Part of the Landscape Series book series (LAEC, volume 24)


This chapter describes the potential of different EU policies for implementing the concept of ecosystem services (ES) at different scales. We provide an overview of a broad range of EU policies and their role as drivers for ecosystem services provision and impairment on the regional and local scale and present the consideration of the ES concept within these policies. This is based on research conducted in the EU FP7 OpenNESS project. Additionally, we provide examples of the implementation of selected policies in EU Member States: the EU Water Framework Directive and Public Policy Appraisals allowing for a more in-depth evaluation of opportunities and obstacles of the implementation processes.


Water framework directive Public policy appraisal Pressures 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Schleyer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sylvia Herrmann
    • 2
  • Irene Bouwma
    • 3
  • Eeva Primmer
    • 4
  • Klara J. Winkler
    • 5
  1. 1.University of Innsbruck, Institute of GeographyInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.Institute of Environmental PlanningLeibniz University HannoverHannoverGermany
  3. 3.Alterra Wageningen URWageningenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Environmental Policy Centre, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)HelsinkiFinland
  5. 5.Natural Resource SciencesMcGill UniversitySte-Anne-de-BellevueCanada

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