Spine Microscopic Surgery

  • Huiren TaoEmail author
  • Donglin Li
  • Haodong Lin
  • Chunlin Hou
  • Shaocheng Zhang
  • Wenbin Ding


Spinal injury with spinal cord injury (SCI) is serious and difficult to treat. The patients often have a poor prognosis. Its incidence is gradually increasing. Annual incidence of SCI in the developed countries is 13.3–45.9/per million. There was a rise in the incidence in the 1980s compared with the 1970s. 4786 SCI patients were reported in Singuo, Japan in 1990. There was no national statistics in China, but the annual incidence of SCI in Shanghai was 34.3/per million in 1991. It is roughly estimated that about 10,000 new people in China may suffer from SCI each year. SCI is roughly caused by (1) traffic accidents, (2) industrial injuries, (3) sports trauma, and (4) other damages in life, training and firearm injuries, etc.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huiren Tao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Donglin Li
    • 2
  • Haodong Lin
    • 3
    • 4
  • Chunlin Hou
    • 3
    • 4
  • Shaocheng Zhang
    • 4
  • Wenbin Ding
    • 4
  1. 1.General Hospital of Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenP. R. China
  2. 2.Air Force Hospital of the North Theatre of the PLAShenyangP. R. China
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryChangzheng Hospital, The Second Military Medical UniversityShanghaiP. R. China
  4. 4.Department of OrthopedicsChanghai Hospital, Naval Medical UniversityShanghaiP. R. China

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