Synthesis of Tridimensional Ensembles of Carbon Nanotubes

  • Miro HaluskaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology book series (NAPSA)


The topic of this chapter is the synthesis of both aligned and unaligned carbon nanotube bulk ensembles by different methods such as electric arc discharge, laser ablation and chemical vapor deposition methods. First, general requirements for the CNTs synthesis are introduced. Utilization of different types of nucleation centers for nanotube synthesis as well as the role of CNT growth promoters and inhibitors is reviewed. Particular attention is paid to CVD methods which are most easily scalable, they offer a relatively good control over synthesis conditions and a high quality of as produced CNTs. Two general approaches for formation of catalyst for the CVD nanotube synthesis are discussed, namely methods utilizing pre-deposited catalysts or their precursors and methods exploiting an injection of catalyst precursors during the nanotube synthesis. Examples of breakthrough synthesis approaches, fundamental studies and those with best known results are given. The different nanotube fabrication methodologies are reviewed and discussed in details. This may assist readers to select the proper method and synthesis conditions with regards to nanotube targeted application.


SWCNT and MWCNT synthesis CNT synthesis methods CVD Catalysts Alignment 



I would like to thank for help, support, fruitful discussions and cooperation to all my colleagues and students from S. Roth group at FKF MPI Stuttgart, D. Carroll group at WFU-Winston-Salem, A. Dietzel group at TU Eindhoven, and Ch. Hierold group at ETH Zurich, who joined my excitement from CNT synthesis and characterization. The valuable suggestions to manuscript from Viera Skakalova, Valentin Döring, Kiran Chikkadi, Matthias Muoth, Christina Wouters, and Stuart Truax are acknowledged. The support from ETH-FIRST and BRNC (Binnig and Rohrer Nanotechnology Center, Ruschlikon/Zurich) operation teams is highly appreciated.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Micro and Nanosystems, D-MAVT, ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland

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