Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture, the Dairy Farms of Cairo, Egypt
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The megalopolis that is Cairo now has a population of nearly 20 million inhabitants. Within the city and on its periphery are family farms engaged in various types of agricultural activity. This chapter sheds light on the functioning of these farms, which contribute to Cairo’s food supply, especially as regards dairy and market gardening products. The data used are from a study on milk supply in Cairo conducted as part of the Dairy project undertaken jointly by CIRAD, Ain Shams University and the Animal Production Research Institute (APRI).
Context of Contemporary Family Farming in Egypt
A Brief History
The Egyptian agricultural tradition dates back several millennia and still constitutes an important source of income for the country, accounting for 13% of GDP in 2009 (World Bank 2013). Due to the aridity of its climate, arable land covers only 3.7% of the national territory. This land is irrigated and located on a narrow strip 20–30 km wide along the Nile and in its delta. This river...
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