Across the world and historically, producing for one’s own consumption has been one of the distinctive features of agricultural economies, especially those of ‘peasants’. The transition to a market economy took place gradually (Aymard 1983), since production was, for the most part, not intended for markets, the prevailing logic being that of the sale only of the ‘surplus’ (production beyond the needs of the family). Even though some experts view the future of agriculture as being an activity to supply ‘raw materials to agrifood industries’, this characteristic of agricultural economies remains prevalent in contemporary rural societies discussed in this part.
The rationales behind non-commercial agricultural production correspond to objectives of feeding the family, bartering, and maintaining kinship relationships or social networks. They are substitutes for or are complementary to efforts to generate monetary income through sale of production. They refer to self-consumption or...
- Aymard M (1983) Autoconsommation et marchés: Chayanov, Labrousse ou Le Roy Ladurie ? Annales ESC 6:1392–1410Google Scholar