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Introduction

  • Pierre GasselinEmail author
Chapter

Since Chayanov, the permanency of family farming has often been explained by strategies adopted by families to diversify activities, be they salaried or generate income from small-business initiatives, agricultural or non-agricultural, rural or urban. Pluriactivity, whether permanent or temporary, can be observed in family farming all over the world, whether to earn an income for survival, create a capacity for investment (agricultural or non-agricultural) for oneself, compensate for low cash flows, or to spread out risks. The three studies presented in this part of the book illustrate a variety of strategies in which pluriactivity occupies a prominent place in specialized production basins (groundnut in Senegal, cocoa in Cameroon, rice in Madagascar), deeply marked by colonial history and, subsequently, by the disengagement of the State in the context of the policies of liberalization of the 1990s.

In Senegal, Ibrahima Hathie and Cheikh Oumar Ba retrace the evolution of the forms of...

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© Éditions Quæ 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIRADUMR INNOVATIONMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.INNOVATIONUniv Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgroMontpellierFrance

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