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In Between Agro-industries and Family Business Farms: Ephemeral Smallholder Family Plantations in Indonesia

  • Stéphanie BarralEmail author
Chapter

Smallholder family oil palm plantations made their appearance in Indonesia only in the 1970s, about 60 years after Western plantation companies introduced the crop to the country. In this chapter, we start by studying the history of large Indonesian plantations to help us understand this form of family farming. We show that independent smallholder plantations can be closely linked to these large plantations.

The model of the large colonial plantation was introduced to Asia in the nineteenth century. In the Dutch East Indies, which prefigured present-day Indonesia, the agriculture law of 1870 allowing private investment in agriculture became the driving force behind the growth of large plantations in the cuulturegebeid, the coastal belt colonized by European and American cultivators in the northern part of the island of Sumatra. It was not until 1911 that the oil palm was introduced to the colony (Pelzer 1978) and the production of palm oil remained confined to the cuulturegebeiduntil...

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Copyright information

© Éditions Quæ 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INRA, Science for Action and Development (SAD) DivisionUR SenS (Sciences in Societies), University Paris-Est Marne-la-ValléeChamps-sur-MarneFrance

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