Agriculture in Southern Mozambique, an Activity Based on Labour Migration

  • Sara MercandalliEmail author

This chapter illustrates a form of family farming typical of numerous rural areas of southern Africa, which were once called the ‘African labour reserves’.1 This type of farming is characterized by both limiting agroecological conditions and a history strongly marked by labour migration linked to colonial policies for the exploitation of mineral resources in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (Wolpe 1972). The region itself is characterized by high rates of South-South mobility (Black et al. 2006), with past and recent studies in Zimbabwe (Maphosa 2010), Lesotho (Murray 1981) and Mozambique (Van den Berg 1987; Covane 2001; Mercandalli 2013) confirming the importance of migration activities in the strategies of rural families and these activities’ importance in southern Africa, where they can account for 80–90% of the household income (Baber 1996; Black et al. 2004).

This case study explores a form of family farming widespread in the southern region of Mozambique where the family...


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© Éditions Quæ 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIRADUMR ART-DEVMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.ART-DEVUniv Montpellier, CIRAD, CNRS, Univ Montpellier 3, Univ Perpignan Via DomitiaMontpellierFrance

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