Ximenia americana L.

  • Ana Cláudia D. MedeirosEmail author
  • Francinalva D. de Medeiros
Part of the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World book series (MAPW, volume 5)


Ximenia americana L. (Olacaceae) is widespread throughout the tropics, especially in Africa and Brazil. It is used as food or supplements and in the cosmetic industry. It is also used for traditional medicine as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, antimalarial, measles, mouth wounds, rheumatism, diarrhea, lung abscess, muscle cramps, and HIV. This species showed high sensitivity in tumor cell lines and the cell lines of MCF7 breast cancer, BV173 CML, and CC531 colon carcinoma. Santana et al. developed and validated an analytical method for the identification of gallic acid as a chemical marker of X. americana. It were also showed compounds such as sambunigrin, quercitrin, avicularin, and ximenynic acid. The fruit is a rich source of vitamin C and contains hydrocyanic acid riproximin.


Ximenia americana L. Traditional use Gallic acid Ximenynic acid 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Cláudia D. Medeiros
    • 1
    Email author
  • Francinalva D. de Medeiros
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Development and Assays of DrugsState University of ParaíbaCampina GrandeBrazil

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