Advertisement

Infectious Pneumonia of the Newborn

  • Jing Liu
Chapter

Abstract

Infectious pneumonia is the most common disease in newborns and is also an important cause of neonatal death. According to statistics, infectious pneumonia accounts for more than 1/3 of the total number of newborn hospitalizations, and the number of deaths due to infectious pneumonia accounts for more than 1/4 of the total number of deaths in newborns and for more than 1/5 of neonate autopsy cases [1, 2]. Infection can occur inside the uterus, during delivery or after birth, and prenatal pathogens can infect fetuses through the blood circulating through the placenta and amniotic membrane, or pathogenic bacteria can ascend to infect fetuses due to the premature rupture of membranes. In intrapartum cases, infection is induced because fetuses are contaminated with amniotic fluid or maternal cervical secretions during delivery [2, 3]. Postpartum infection primarily occurs through the respiratory tract, through the blood or through an iatrogenic route. Common pathogens include Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, viruses (such as cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus, rubella virus, Coxsackie virus, and chicken pox virus), Klebsiella, Listeria, Mycoplasma, and Chlamydia [2, 3].

Supplementary material

Video 6.1

(AVI 114619 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Guo YM, Liu CQ. The clinical epidemiology of neonatal respiratory failure in Hebei Children’s Hospital. Zhonghua Weichan Yixue Zazhi. 2012;15(11):670–5.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rao Y. Analysis of 7970 cases in-hospital newborn infants. Zhongguo Bing An. 2012;13(1):71–3.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhao H, Jin ZJ. Analysis of death reasons in 1509 newborn infants. Zhongguo Fu You Jian Kang Yan Jiu. 2009;20(5):686–8.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Reissig A, Gramegna A, Aliberti S. The role of lung ultrasound in the diagnosis and follow-up of community-acquired pneumonia. Eur J Intern Med. 2012;23(5):391–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Caiulo VA, Gargani L, Caiulo S, et al. Lung ultrasound characteristics of community-acquired pneumonia in hospitalized children. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2013;48(3):280–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cortellaro F, Colombo S, Coen D, et al. Lung ultrasound is an accurate diagnosis too for the diagnosis of pneumonia in the emergency department. Emerg Med J. 2012;29(1):19–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Raimondi F, Cattarossi L, Copetti R. International perspectives: point-of-care chest ultrasound in the neonatal intensive care unit: an Italian perspective. NeoReviews. 2014;15(1):e2–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liu J, Liu F, Liu Y, et al. Lung ultrasonography for the diagnosis of severe pneumonia of the newborn. Chest. 2014;146(2):483–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. and People's Medical Publishing House 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neonatology and NICUBeijing Chaoyang District Maternal and Child Health Care HospitalBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations