Ujung Kulon National Park, Indonesia

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)


Ujung Kulon National Park is in the extreme southwestern tip of Java, on the Sunda shelf. It includes the Ujung Kulon Peninsula and several offshore islands, besides the nature reserve of Krakatoa Volcano. The site is of great interest for the study of volcanoes and also contains the largest remaining area of lowland rainforests in the Java plain. The site possesses a very diverse flora and fauna, demonstrating ongoing evolution processes since Krakatoa erupted in 1883, which became the most well known and studied of all modern volcanic eruptions. The physical feature of Krakatoa Island combined with the surrounding sea, succession of vegetation, and volcanic activity combine to form a landscape of exceptional beauty. Several species of endangered plants and animals can be found there, the Javan rhinoceros being the mostly seriously threatened.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

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