Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)


The Giant’s Causeway and Causeway Coast lies at the foot of high cliffs along the North Sea in the coast of Northern Ireland. It is composed of some 40,000 massive columns of basalt sticking out of the sea. The Giant’s Causeway itself is a sea-level promontory outcrop and pavement running out to sea. Exposure of the columns in a pavement of such perfect horizontal sections is considered unique and is also scenically remarkable. The Causeway Coast is an unparalleled displays of geological formations, remnants of volcanic activity some 50–60 million years ago, forming the largest remaining lava plateau in Europe. Geological studies of this lava flow over the last 300 years have greatly contributed to the analysis of Tertiary volcanic events in the North Atlantic.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

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