Ha Long Bay, Vietnam

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)


Ha Long Bay, in Vietnam, is known for its emerald waters and towering limestone islands topped by rainforests. It includes 1600 islands and islets, which creates a majestic natural scenery of pillars with a variety of coastal erosional features such as arches and caves. The multitude of limestone waterscapes rise directly from the sea in a variety of sizes and shapes, presenting picturesque, unspoiled nature. The exceptional scenic beauty is complemented by its biological interest. It contains a diverse ecological system that includes tropical forests, mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and productive coral reefs. Because of the steep geomorphology, most of the islands are unaffected by human presence, though many archaeological sites have been found dated between 25,000 and 3000 years ago. It was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2011.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

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