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Heard and McDonald Islands, Australia

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

The volcanically active islands of Heard and McDonald are in the Southern Ocean, 1700 km from the Antarctic continent, as part of Australian territory. They are one of the most pristine ecosystems in the world, with complete absence of alien animal and vegetal species and with minimal impact from human activities. As the only volcanic active subantarctic islands, they provide good examples of ongoing tectonic activity, offering a view of plume volcanism, giving direct geological evidence of the action of the longest operational plume system known in the world. The islands also furnish crucial habitat for large populations of marine birds and mammals, and their endemic species demonstrate ongoing evolutionary processes.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

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