Advertisement

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, USA

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 28)

Abstract

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, located in the central north Pacific, on the south of Hawaii Island, contains two of the world’s most active and accessible volcanoes, Kilauea and Mauna Loa, where ongoing geological processes are easily observed. It shows the most recent activity in the continuing process of changing the Hawaiian Archipelago. The park is an example of island building through volcanic processes. Volcanic eruptions create a constantly changing landscape in the park, and the lava flows reveal unexpected geological formations. Mauna Loa, measured from the ocean floor, is the greatest volcanic mass on Earth. Rare birds can also be found, and there are forests of giant ferns.

References

  1. Doty M, Mueller-Dombois D (1966) Atlas of bioecological studies at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Hawaii Botanical Science Paper No. 2. University of Hawaii, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  2. Garcia MO, Jicha BR, Marske JP, Pietruszka AJ (2017) How old is Kīlauea Volcano (Hawai‘i)? Insights from 40Ar/39Ar dating of the 1.7-km-deep SOH-1 core. Geology 45:79–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hazlett R (1993) Geological Field Guide to Kilauea Volcano. Hawai’i Natural History Association, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  4. Holcomb R (1987) Eruptive history and long-term behavior of Kilauea Volcano. In: Decker R, Wright T, Stauffer P (eds) Volcanism in Hawaii. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, vol 1350, pp 261–350Google Scholar
  5. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2014) World heritage conservation outlook. Report, Gland, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  6. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) (2017) http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/node/1031. http://www.worldheritageoutlook.iucn.org/node/1031. Accessed 27 Dec 2017
  7. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) (2017) Earth observatory – lava flows on the Kilauea’s Pali. https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=78260. Accessed 28 July 2017
  8. Neall VE, Trewick SA (2008) The age and origin of the Pacific Islands: a geological overview. Philos Trans R Soci London B Biol Sci 363:3293–3308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) (2016) Honolulu Hi. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/pages/climate_summary.php. Accessed 26 July 2017
  10. NPS (National Park Services) (2017) Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. https://www.nps.gov/havo/index.htm. Accessed 29 July 2017Google Scholar
  11. Osipova E, Shadie P, Zwahlen C, Osti M, Shi Y, Kormos C, Bertzky B, Murai M, Van Merm R, Badman T (2017) IUCN world heritage outlook 2: a conservation assessment of all natural world heritage sites. IUCN, GlandCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Parker A (2016) Rates of subsidence and relative sea level rise in Hawaii Islands. Nonlinear Eng 5:255–268Google Scholar
  13. Smart CL (1965) The archaeological resources of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park: part I. An archaelogical survey of parts of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Report. Pacific Area Office, National Park Service, Honolulu, USAGoogle Scholar
  14. Stone C, Scott J (eds) (1985) Hawaii’s terrestrial ecosystems: preservation and management. University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  15. Tarduno JA, Duncan RA, Scholl DW, Cottrell RD, Steinberger B, Thordarson T, Kerr BC, Neal CR, Frey FA, Torii M, Carvallo C (2003) The emperor seamounts: southward motion of the Hawaiian hotspot plume in Earth’s mantle. Science 301:1064–1069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tilling RI (2012) Hawaiian volcano observatory: its first 100 years of advancing volcanology. American Geophysical Union Conference on Hawaiian Volcanoes Waikoloa Hawaii, August 2012Google Scholar
  17. Tosi N, Yuen DA (2011) Bent-shaped plumes and horizontal channel flow beneath the 660 km discontinuity. Earth Planet Sci Lett 312:348–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. UNEP/WCMC (United Nations Environmental Programme/World Conservation Monitoring Centre) (2011) Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, USA. Report, Cambridge, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  19. UNESCO WHC (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization World Heritage Centre) (2017) Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/409. Accessed 29 July 2017
  20. Wilson JT (1963) A possible origin of the Hawaiian islands. Can J Phys 41:863–870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wolfe CJ, Solomon SC, Laske G, Collins JA, Detrick RS, Orcutt JA, Bercovici D, Hauri EH (2009) Mantle shear-wave velocity structure beneath the Hawaiian hot spot. Science 326(2009):1388–1390CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vanda Claudino-Sales
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Ceará StateFortalezaBrazil

Personalised recommendations